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高中英语常用短语

来源:中华大课堂浏览数:5964 

…(money) worth of sth. ……价值……(接数词)
…has a population of… ……人口数量是……
…times as big as ……是……几倍大
…times the size of ……是……几倍大

A

a (great/large/small) number of 许多(接可数名词复数;谓语动词用复数)
A (together) with B ……A与B一样,……(谓语动词与A一致)
A as well as B ……A跟B一样,……(谓语动词与A一致)
A besides B… 除了B以外,A……(谓语动词与A一致)
a bit of 一点(接不可数名词)
a bit 一点(接形容词)
a bunch of 一束、一捆
a certain 某一个(接可数名词单数)
a copy of 一份(报纸等)
a couple of 几个、一些、三两个(接可数名词复数)
a crowd of 一群、许多
a developed country (一个)发达国家
a developing country (一个)发展中国家
a diet of healthy foods 一份营养食谱
a fallen tree 一棵倒了的树
a few moment later 一会儿、不久以后
a few pieces of advice 几点建议
a good/great deal of 大量(接不可数名词)
a good/great many 大量(接可数名词复数)
a great deal 许多东西
a group of 一群……
a highly-developed country 高度发达国家
a kind of sth. 一类……
a knife and fork 一副刀叉
a knowledge of 某一学科的知识
a lack of 缺乏
a large quantity of 大量(接可数、不可数名词)
a large/small/great amount of 一些(接不可数名词)
A like B… 像B一样,A……(谓语动词与A一致)
a little bit 一点(接形容词)
a little 一点(接形容词)
a loaf of bread 一个面包
a lost life in a desert 鸿沟
a lot more interesting 更有趣
a lot more 许多
a lucky escape 幸运地逃脱
a narrow escape 侥幸逃脱、九死一生
a piece of advice 一条建议
a place of interest 一处名胜
a point of view 一种观点
A rather than B 与其B,不如A
a series of 一系列的
a source of ……的一个来源
a third ①三个中的一个 ②三分之一
a total of 总计……(接数词)
a type of 一种
a variety of 一种
a waste of money/time/… 浪费(金钱、时间等)
a year and a half 一年半
above all 最重要的是,首先要
according to 根据、依照
achieve one's aim/goal 实现某人的目标
achieve success 取得成功
act a part ①扮演一个角色 ②假装
act as if 假装(接从句,有虚拟语气)
act the part of sb. 演……的角色
add A to B 把A加到B上
add to 增加到
add up to 总计(无被动形式)
address a/the letter 写信(的地址)
address sth. to sb. 给某人讲……
admit to 承认
advise (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
advise sb. to do 劝说某人去做
afford sb. sth. 为某人承担……
afford sth. to sb. 为某人承担……
afford to do 能够去做
after a time 一段时间后
after a while 不久
after all 毕竟;终究
after that 从这以后(用一般现在时)
agree on 在……达成共识
agree that… 同意……(接从句)
agree to do 同意去做
agree to one's plan/suggestion 采纳某人的计划(建议)
agree with one's idea/opinion/analysis 同意某人的看法(见解)
agree with sb. ①(衣服等)适合某人 ②与……一致 ③同意、赞同
agree with sb. on that point 在那方面同意某人的意见
ahead of time 事先;提前
aim at ①瞄准 ②追求、旨在
All but A… 除了A以外所有人(谓语动词与all一致,用复数)
all kinds of 各种各样的
all of a sudden 突然(单用)
all over (Europe) 整个(欧洲)
all sorts of 各种各样的
all such 所有这些……(接名词用复数)
all the same 仍然、依然
all the way 全程
all the year round 整年
all through the(night/year/one's life) 整个……
all…not… 不都是……(部分否定)
allow doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某事
announce sth. to sb. 向某人宣布……
announce to sb. sth. 向某人宣布……
answer for 为……负责任
anyone who = whoever 任何人(引导主语从句)
apart from 除……外还……
appear to do 好像……
apply for 申请
apply one's minds to 专心于
appreciate doing 感激做……
as a matter of fact 实际上
as a result of 由于……
as if 似乎、好像(引导方式状语从句)
as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句)
as one body 像一个人一样
as soon as is necessary 如果可能的话尽快……
as soon as 一……就……(引导时间状语从句)
as though 似乎、好像
as well as ①和……一样 ②与……一样好
as well 也;一样
ask (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
ask for a leave 请假
ask sb. for advice 取得某人的建议
ask some questions of sb. 向某人提问(书面语)
at a distance 有一些距离、在远处
at a great depth 在很深处
at a loss 不知所措、困惑不解
at a low/high price 价格低(高)
at a low/high speed 速度很慢/快地……
at a mouthful 一口、满口
at a safe speed 以安全速度行驶
at a speed of 以……的速度行驶
at a time 一次;有时、曾经
at first blush 一瞥
at full speed 全速前进
at least 至少、最少
at least…if not more 如果不是更多,至少也……
at most 最多、至多
at one time 曾经、以前
at present 现在
at that very moment 就在那个时候
at the ball 在舞会上
at the beginning of 在……的开始
at the bottom of 在……的底部
at the cost of 以……为代价
at the crossing 在十字路口
at the invitation of sb. 应某人邀请
at the latest 最迟、最晚
at the most 最多
at the price of 以……为代价
at the risk of 冒着……的危险
at the same time 同时
at the sight of 看见
at the speed of 以……的速度
at the thought of 当……想到
at the top of the voice 用最高的声音
attempt to do 尝试去做、企图去做
attend to sth. 注意;对……关注
attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度
attract one's attention 吸引某人注意力

B

back and forth 来来往往地、(前后)来回地
bark at (狗)向……叫
be (good) value for money ……值钱
be able to do 能够……、有能力……
be about to do when 就要做某事时,突然……
be about to do 准备做……(不接时间状语,表示将来)
be absent from 不在、缺席
be absorbed in 沉迷于……、迷恋于……
be active in 在……活跃
be admitted into universities 被大学录取
be afraid of doing 担心某事会发生
be afraid of sth./sb. 害怕某人(物)
be afraid that… 恐怕……
be afraid to do 不敢去做
be after sth./sb. 找……
be along with 和……一起
be an expert on/in/at sth. 在……是专家
be angry at sth. 对某事感到生气
be angry with sb./sth. 对某人(物)感到生气
be anxious about 为……感到焦虑
be anxious for sth. 急切地要……
be anxious to do 急切去做……
be ashamed of 感到羞耻、惭愧
be at breakfast/lunch/supper 在吃早/午/晚饭
be at the same level 在同一水平上
be aware of sth. 知道
be away from 离……远
be based on 以……为基础、以……为根据
be better off 境况好
be blind in one eye 一只眼睛失明、独眼龙
be blind to 对……视而不见
be busy doing 忙着……
be busy with 忙着……
be careful 小心
be caught in 被困住
be concerned about 关心
be connected with ……与……有联系
be content to do 甘愿做某事、愿意做某事
be content with 对……满足
be crowded with 挤满了
be dangerous ……(对……)构成威胁、是危险的
be deaf to 对……听而不闻、充耳不闻
be disappointed in sth. 对某事(物)失望
be disappointed with sb./sth. 对……失望
be doing when 正要做某事时,突然……
be doing 表达某种语气、感情,如喜爱、赞美、厌恶、痛恨、批判等
be done away with 结束、结果
be dressed in 穿……
be due to do 预计……会怎样
be due to sth. 由于、应归于
be dying for 渴望
be dying to do 急切去做……
be eager to do 盼望去做……
be engaged in 忙于、致力于
be engaged to 与……订婚
be equal to 与……相等
be expert in/at doing 擅长于……
be famous as 作为……而出名
be famous for 因为……而出名
be famous to sb. 在……中出名
be favourable to 有助于、有利于
be fit for sth. 适合……
be fond of 爱好……
be friendly/kind/polite to sb. 对某人友好
be going to do 即将做……
be gone ……不见了
be good on sb. 对某人好
be hard on sb. 对某人苛刻、为难某人
be harmful to 对……有害
be honoured for sth. ……因为……受尊敬
be in (the) majority 占大多数,处于多数
be in business 营业
be in danger 处于危险之中
be in darkness 在黑暗之中(无光,用于指状态)
be in disorder 没有秩序、乱
be in earnest 急迫、急切
be in good order 有秩序、整洁
be in great need 最需要
be in hospital 住院
be in low/high spirits 情绪低落/高昂
be in poor health 身体不好
be in/under one's charge 受某人管
be in/under the charge of sb. 受某人管
be introduced into ……被引进
be joined to 与……连接
be keen on 喜欢
be kind for sb. to do sth. 某人做某事(对人)有好处
be kind of sb. 某人好
be known for 因为……而出名
be known to sb. 在……中出名
be lacking in 缺乏
be longing for 盼望去做……
be longing to do 盼望去做……
be lost ……不见了
be lost in sight 看不见
be lost in thought 陷入沉思
be made from 由……(加工)制成
be made into 制成、加工成
be made of 由……(直接)制成
be made up of ……由……组成
be marked with 被标上
be measured in 以……来衡量
be missing ……不见了
be mixed with sth. 用……混合
be not in agreement ……是不同的
be nothing more than 只不过是
be of different sizes/colours/weights/ages/ shapes 尺寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状不同
be of great/no help/value/importance/use to sb. 对某人(没)有很大(帮助等)
be of the same kind 同一类
be of the same size/colour/weight/age/shape尺寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状相同
be of this kind 属于这一类
be off 离开
be on a visit from sp. 从某地来访问
be on a visit to sp. 正游览、参观某地
be on business 因公(办事等)
be on diet 节食
be on duty 值日、上班
be on fire 着火
be on holiday/vacation 在度假
be on sale 待售、拍卖
be on show 展览;上映
be on strike 罢工
be on the march 正在游行、正在行军
be out of fashion 过时、不流行
be out of order 没有秩序、乱
be out of reach ①够不着 ②无能为力
be out of work 失业
be popular among sb. 在……中流行
be popular with sb. 在……中流行
be prepared for 为……作准备(接抽象事物)
be present at (the meeting) 参加(会议)
be proud of 以……自豪
be put to a new use 被用在了新的用途上
be ready for 准备好做……
be ready to do 准备好做……
be recognised as 被认作是
be reduced by 降低了……(接数字、百分数)
be related to 与……有联系
be responsble for 为……负责任
be rich in 在……丰富
be satisfied with 对……满意
be senior to 比……大
be set in 以……为背景
be short of 缺少
be shown into sp. 被带到某地
be spun into thread 被纺成线
be strict in sth. 对某事严格要求
be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求
be successful in doing sth. 做……成功
be suitable for 适合
Be sure(certain) to do… 确信做某事(祈使句)
be tired from sth./doing (身体上)劳累、疲劳
be tired of sth./doing 厌倦……
be tired out 筋疲力尽
be to blame (应该)受责备
be to do 准备做……
be trapped by (the fire) 被(火)围困
be treated as 把……当作……对待
be under construction 建设中
be unwilling to do 不愿去做
be up to ①高达、达到 ②达到境界、进入角色 ③从事、忙于
be well received 接受效果好、广泛接受
be willing to do 盼望去做……
be worried about 为……担心
be worth doing 值得……
be worth sth. 值多少
be worthy of 值得
be/become known as 作为……而出名
be/become widely accepted 被广泛的接受
beat sb. black and blue 把某人打得鼻青脸肿
beat sb. on the head 碰某人的头
beat sb. to death 打死某人
beat sth. flat 把……压平
become a success 成功
become separated 分开
before all 尤其、特别
before long 没过多久(常用于将来时、过去时)
begin with 以……开始
believe in ①信赖、信任 ②信奉、信仰
belong to sb. 属于
benefit from 从……获取利益、好处
beyond reach 够不着;找不到、消失
beyond that 除了那个以外
beyond the sea 在海外
black out 昏迷、神志不清;停止、中断
black tea 红茶
blood bank 血站、血库
blow away 吹走
both of sb. 两个人都……
both…not… 不都是……(部分否定)
break away from 脱离
break down ①分解;破裂 ②(汽车)抛锚
break in 打断……的话
break into pieces 打(破)成碎片
break off 折断、中断、罢工
break one's promise/words 破坏某人的诺言、食言
break out 分裂、爆发
break the record 打破纪录
break the rules 违反规则
break up 分解
bring about 带来、造成
bring down 使……下降
bring in 引进
bring on 引起、导致
bring sth. to one's notice 使某人注意……
bring up 抚育、养育
build up 建立
burn down 烧毁
burn sth. to the ground 把……烧毁
burn up 消耗
burst in 闯进、闯入
burst into flames 突然着火
burst into tears/laughter 突然放声大哭/笑
burst out doing 爆发;突然
business sense 商业理念
by and by 不久以后、很快的
by chance 偶然
by degrees 逐渐地
by far 至今为止
by means of 通过……的办法
by occasionally 偶然的
by ones and twos 三三两两地、零零落落地
by oneself 独自地、独立地、单独地
by the end 在……以前
by the hour/day/week/minute/month/year 按小时/日/周/分/月/年算
by the kilogramme/ton 按公斤/吨算
by the time 一段时间前(引导时间状语从句)
by the way 顺便说一下
by this means 用这种方法
by weight/length/volume 按重量/长度/容量算

C

call a taxi 打的
call at sp. 拜访某地
call for ①要求 ②邀请
call in sb. 派人去请
call on sb. to do… 号召某人做某事
call on sb. 拜访某人
call one's attention to sth. 让某人引起对……的注意
call to mind 想起
call up sb. ①使……想起 ②给……打电话
calm down 镇定下来
can't help doing 情不自禁地……
can't resist doing 不能抗拒做……
carry about 携带、随身带
carry away 冲垮;拿走
carry forward 发展、发扬
carry off 抢走、夺走
carry on 进行、继续
carry out one's promise 遵守某人的诺言
carry out 实行
carry with 进行、继续
catch a cold 感冒
catch fire 着火
catch in 被……困住、绊住
catch one's attention 吸引了……的注意
catch sight of 看到……
caught by the… 抓到某人的……(身体部位)
cause sb. to be in such a state 导致某人到这样的地步
change A for B 用B替换A
change into 变成
clear away 收拾走、清除
clear out 把……请出去
clear up ①天晴 ②解决
climb over 翻越
close to 靠近某地
come about 发生
come across 偶然遇见
come along 进展、进行
come at 袭击、向……打击
come away 脱离、掉下
come back ①回来 ②醒过来
come down 下降
come forth 向前
come into being 形成、产生、存在(无被动)
come into effect 生效、启用
come off 脱离、掉下
come on ①加油 ②进展
come out ①产生、出现 ②被知道 ③出版、发行 ④结局、结果
come right 直接
come round 转身
come to ①把注意力转向…… ②到来
come to an end 消亡、灭亡、分裂
come to one's notice 引起某人的注意
come to oneself 苏醒、恢复知觉
come to power 掌权
come true 成为现实
come up ①上升 ②发生 ③产生 ④(问题、话题、议题)被提出(无被动)
come up to 过来
come upon 偶然遇见
command (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
compare A to B 把A比作B
compare A with B 把A与B作比较
compare notes 交换意见
compared with/to A, B… 与A相比,B……(B不用比较级)
congratulate sb./sth. (on sth.) 祝贺……(取得……的成绩)
congratulations on sth. ……的祝贺
connect A to B 连接A与B(单方面)
connect A with B 连接A与B(两方面)
consider sb. to have done 认为某人做了某事
consider sb./sth. to be/as 把……看作
consider sth./doing 考虑(做)……
consist of 由……组成
content oneself with sth. 对……满意
continue doing 一直做(同一件事)
continue to do 继续做(下一件事)
continue with sth. 继续做某事
contribute sth. to sth. 为……贡献……
convert sth. into sth. 把……转变成……
could have done 本来能做成的(却没做成)(虚拟语气)
couldn't have done 本来做不成的(却做成了)(虚拟语气)
count on/upon 指望、依靠
count sth. at 当作
cover sth./sb. with sth. 用……盖住……
cover the events 报道事件
cross out 除去、勾销
crowd off 挤出
cry out 喊出去
cure sb. of 治好某人的(病)
cut away 切下;逃跑
cut down 砍倒;缩减
cut off 切断
cut one's hair short 把……头发剪短
cut out 切下;删除
cut sth. in half 把……切成两半
cut sth. into halves 把……切成两半
cut sth. into two parts 把……切成两半
cut up 割开;切碎

D

daily goods 日用品
dance around 到处跳
dance to the music 伴着音乐跳舞
dare to do 敢于……
date back to 起源于、追溯到
date from 起源于、追溯到
day after day 日复一日
day and night 一天到晚
day by day 逐日
deal in 经营
deal with 处理、对待
declare sb./sth. to be adj./n. 宣称……是……(接形容词或名词)
deep into the night 熬夜
delay doing/sth. 推迟……
demand (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
demand sth. of/from sb. 向某人要求……
demand to do 要求去做
depend on/upon 取决于、依赖于、依靠
describe sth. to sb. 将……描述给(讲给)……
despise of sb. 看不起
determine sb. to do 使某人下决心做某事
determine to do 下决心做某事
develop a habit 养成习惯
develop an interest in sth. 表现出对……的兴趣
develop films 制作电影
devote sth./oneself to sth./doing 把……奉献给……
die away (气味、声音、光线)逐渐消失、变弱
die down 平息、变弱、逐渐消失
die from polluted air/over work/an accident/… 因为(空气污染、过度劳累、事故等)而死
die of grief/cold/hungry/old age/… 因为(悲伤、寒冷、饥饿、年老等)而死
die out 灭绝;死光、死绝
dig out 挖出
direct sb. to do 指导、要求某人去做
direct that sb. should do 命令某人去做
discourage sb. from sth./doing 阻碍某人做某事
dislike doing/sb./sth. 不喜欢……
dive off 从……跳水
divide sth. by sth. ……除以……
divide sth. into 将……分成
do a good deed 做好事
do away with 废除
do damage to 损害
do good/harm to sb./sth. 对……有好处(坏处)
do not give in an inch 一寸不让
do research on/in/about/into sth. 研究……
do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙
do sb. good/harm 对某人有好处(坏处)
do sb. the favour to do/of doing 帮某人忙做……
do sth. alone 自己、靠自己
do sth. at the right time 在合适的时候做某事
do sth. by hand 手工制作(常用被动)
do sth. by turns 轮流做……、依次做……
do sth. deep/far into the night 熬夜
do sth. for fun 做……为了取乐
do sth. in good faith 诚实地……
do sth. on purpose 有目的地做
do up ①系上、扣上 ②收拾整理
do with 处理
double one's output 使(产量等)成倍增长
draw a deep breath 深呼吸
draw conclusions 下结论
draw in ①(车)进站 ②引诱
draw one's attention 吸引某人注意力
draw quick interest 获得快捷利润
draw up 草拟、拟定
dream of sth./doing 梦想
drink to 为……干杯
drive sb. to tears 使某人哭
drop in at sp. 拜访某地
drop in on sb. 拜访某人

E

eager for 渴望
early bird 早起者、早到者
earn one's living 谋生
easy-going 随和、平易近人
eat one's words 收回某人(说过)的话
eat up 吃光
either A or B 是A或者是B(谓语动词就近一致)
encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做……
end up with 以……结束
enter for 报名参加
escape being done 逃避被……
escape doing sth. 逃避做……
escape from sp. 从……逃离
ever lasting 永不停止的、永远的
every one of sb./sth. ……中的每一个
every other… 每两个……
every two… 每两个……
except for 除了(用于两种不同的事物)
expect sb. to do 期望某人……
expect sth. to be done 期望某事被……
expect to be/do 期望会……
explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释……
explain to sb. sth. 向某人解释……
export to 向……出口

F

face to face 面对面(作状语)
face-to-face 面对面的(作定语)
fail to do 失败、未做成
fall asleep 睡着了
fall behind 落后
fall ill 生病
fall in love with sb. 爱上某人
fall off 掉下
fall to pieces 消亡、灭亡、分裂、崩溃
far and near 远近、到处、四面八方
far and wide 广泛地
far more interesting 更有趣
far more 许多
fast asleep 熟睡
feed on sth. 以……为食
feed sb./sth. with/on sth. 用……喂养
feed sth. to sb./sth. 把……喂养给……
feel alone 感到孤单
feel like doing…/sth. 喜爱(做)……
feel lonely 感到孤单
feel one's way 摸索着前进
feel out 探索某人的意图
feel sb. on the head 摸某人的头
feel terrible 感觉不舒服
feel well 感觉舒服
few such mistakes 这么少的错误
fight against 与……作斗争、与……交战
fight back 回击
fight for sth. 为了……而斗争
figure on 指望、计划、打算
figure out ①解决 ②计算出来、合计出
fill with 充满
find out 找出、查明
find sb./sth. do 发现……做过……
find sb./sth. doing 发现……正在……
find sb./sth. done 发现……被……
finish off 结束、完成
fire at 向……开火
fire escape 火灾安全出口
fire out ①消沉、一蹶不振 ②开除、解雇
fire up 火冒三丈、发火
first aid 急救
first of all 首先
fit club 健身俱乐部
fix a time/date for sth./doing 确定……的日期
fix a time/date to do 确定日期做某事
fix A to B 把A固定在B上
fix one's attention on sth. 把某人的注意力集中到……上
fix one's eyes on sth. 目不转睛、凝视、把注意力集中在……上
fix sb. sth. 为……准备……
fix sth. for sb. 为……准备……
float off 漂浮
fly over (从上面)飞越
fold up 折叠起来
follow one's advice on 听从……的建议
follow the rules 遵守规则
fool about/around 游手好闲、闲荡
fool sb. into doing sth. 哄骗某人做某事
for (political) reasons 由于(政治)原因
for a while 一段时间
for ages 很久
for example 例如
for fear that 担心
for free 免费的
for God's sake 看在上帝的面上
for good 永久地、一劳永逸地
for instance 例如
for one thing 首先
for one's sake 为……起见
for oneself 为了自己
for sale 准备出售
for the first time 第一次
for the sake of 为……起见
forbid sb. to do 禁止某人做某事
force oneself to one's feet 挣扎着站起来
force sb. to do 强迫某人做……
foreign affairs 外交事务、外事、外务
form a habit 养成习惯
frankly speaking 坦白地说
free from 没有、免除
from a great distance 远距离
from cover to cover 从头到尾
from door to door 一家挨着一家
from side to side 左右摇摆
from that time on 从那时起
from the beginning 从一开始
from time to time 时常、经常

G


gain in 获得
generally speaking 一般来说
get across 通过、越过、穿过
get along (well) with ①与某人相处(得好) ②进展(顺利)
get broken 弄坏了
get burnt 烧着了
get caught in 遇到
get changed 换衣服
get close to sth./sb. 与……接近
get down to sth./doing 开始去做……
get good from sth. 从……中得到好处
get hold of 把握住;抓住
get hurt 受伤了
get in touch with 与……取得联系
get in 进入
get into ①坐进(轿车、出租车等) ②陷入(某种状态)之中
get into the habit of 养成……的习惯
get it settled 确定
get married 结婚(强调动作)
get off ①下车 ②脱下
get on (well) with sb./sth. 与某人(事、物)相处(得好)
get on the right track 走上正轨
get over 恢复、克服
get paid ……被付钱、得钱、挣钱
get ready for sth. 准备好……
get rid of 去除
get sb. to do/doing/done 让某人……
get separated 分开
get sth. on ……有某事
get sth. ready for 为……作准备
get through ①接通(电话) ②通过(考试) ③完成(工作、任务) ④通过(议案、计划) ⑤消息传到……
get tired of sth./doing 感到厌倦
get to know sb. (刚刚)认识某人
get to 够得着
get together 聚会
get up to one's feet 站起来
get word 得到消息
get worse 越来越坏了
give a birth to a baby 生小孩
give a hand 帮助
give a promise 许下诺言
give A sth. for B 把为B准备的……给A
give a talk 做报告;做演讲
give a thought to sb./sth. 想象、思考
give an order for sth. 订购……
give away 把……送出去
give back 送回去、拿回去
give birth to 生产、生育
give in 屈服、投降、让步(不及物)
give off 散发、发出(气味、光线、声音)
give one's love/wishes/regards to sb. 给某人的(问候等)
give out ①发出(气味、光线、声音) ②用尽 ③精疲力尽
give over 交托、停止、放弃
give sb. a lift 搭车
give sb. a message 给(收信人)留/传个信
give sb. advice on sth./how to do 给某人……的建议
give sb. sth. 把……给某人
give sth. away 把……送出去
give up sth./doing 放弃
give way to 让位给……
go aboard a plane/ship 登飞机/船
go abroad 出国
go after 追逐、追求
go against 违背
Go ahead. (口语)鼓励某人做某事、去做吧
go all the way back to the time of 起源于
go bad 变坏
go by 经过
go down 下降、减弱
go in for 从事、投身于
go mad about sth./doing 痴迷于……,为……疯狂
go missing 不见、丢失
go off ①离去 ②变质
go off duty 下班
go on a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地
go on board 登(船、飞机)
go out 出去;(灯火)熄灭
go over to 到……去
go over 温习、复习;检查
go through ①穿过 ②仔细察看 ③经历
go to sp. for a holiday 到……度假
go up to 上到……上
go up 上升、增强
go with ①和……一起去 ②(颜色、款式等)搭配
Good luck with your trip. 祝你一路顺风。
good manner 好方法
good manners 有礼貌
good-for-nothing 没有用
graduate from 从……毕业
grow out of 从……产生、由……而来
grow rich 变得富有
guess sb. to be 猜测某人是……

H

had done sth. when… 刚刚做完某事,突然……
hand down 继承、传下去
hand in 上交
hand out 发出去
hand over 递交、转交、移交
hang up 挂断(电话)
Hardly…when… 还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)
have a cold 感冒
have a great effect on 对……有很大的影响(效果)
have a high opinion of 高度评价
have a problem with sth. 在……有问题
have a rest 休息
have a seat 坐下
have a short memory 记性不好
have a talk with sb. 跟某人谈话
have a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地
have a word with sb. 跟某人谈话
have an effect on sb. 对……有影响(效果)
have difficulty/trouble (in) doing/sth. 做……有困难
have on 穿着……
have one's attention 让某人注意
have one's exam 某人考试
have sb. do/doing/done 让某人……
have sth. on ……有某事
have sth. on/with/about sb. 某人随身带……(常指财务等)
have sth. to do with sb./sth. 与……有关系
have the habit of doing 有做……的习惯
have trouble with sth. 做……有麻烦
have words with sb. 与某人吵架、口角
head back 调头
hear about sth./sb. (through sb.) (通过某人)听说……
hear from 收到……的来信
hear of sth./sb. 听说……
hear sb./sth. do 听说……做过……
hear sb./sth. doing 听说……在……
hear sb./sth. done 听说……被……
hear the concert 听音乐会
heavy smoker 瘾君子(专指吸烟)
help sb. out 帮助某人
hit sb. on the… 打着某人的(身体部位)
hold a position 处于……(位置、地位)
hold back ①阻止、阻挡 ②缩回来
hold down 阻止;压制
hold for questioning 被审讯
hold on ①别挂断(电话) ②坚持
hold one's breath 屏住呼吸
hold one's head high 高昂着头
hold out ①伸出(手) ②支持、坚持、维持
hold the record 保持纪录
hold to 坚持
hold up ①阻挡 ②使……停顿 ③抬起
honestly speaking 说句实话
how to do it 怎么去做(作宾语)
humour sense 幽默感
hundreds of thousands of 成千上万的(加可数名词复数)
hunt for 寻找
hurry off 快点走

I

I (don't) doubt that/if/whether… 我(不)怀疑……(接宾语从句)
I can't speak too high of him. 我已经无法用语言形容了。(用于赞美)
I suppose sb. be doing sth. 我想你应该在做……。
I wonder whether/how… 我想知道……
if any 如果有
if not more 如果不是更多
if not 如果不
I'm afraid that… 我害怕……(接宾语从句)
I'm satisfied that… 我满足……(接宾语从句)
I'm sure that… 我确定……(接宾语从句)
imagine (sb.) doing sth. 想象(某人)做某事
imagine sb./sth. to be 假想……成为……
imagine that 假想……
in (good) order 秩序井然、有序
in a high/low voice 高(低)声说话
in a hundred years' time 在一百年时间里
in a time 一段时间后
in a while 一会儿
in a word 一句话、简而言之
in addition 另外
in advance 提前、事先
in all 总计;一共
in ancient times 古代
in astonishment 究竟
in case of 在……的时候、要是
in case 以防万一、在……情况下
in charge of 管理
in comfort 舒适
in common with 与……一样
in common 有共同点
in despair 绝望
in disapproval 反对、不赞成
in fact 实际上
in favour of 喜爱
in front of 在……前面
in future 从今以后
in general 一般来说
in honour of 为了纪念……;为了欢迎……
in hopes of doing 带着……的期望
in many ways 在不同方面
in memory of 纪念……
in modern times 当今
in one's (fifties) 在某人(50多岁)时
in one's absence 在某人不在的时候
in one's judgement 某人认为……
in one's opinion 某人认为……
in one's search for 某人寻找……
in one's spare time 在某人的空闲时间
in one's way 挡某人的路
in order to do 为了……
in other words 换句话说
in pain 处于痛苦中
in particular 特别地
in person 亲自
in place of 代替
in place 在适当位置上
in practice 在实践中
in praise of sb. 为了赞颂……、为了表扬……
in reach 够得着
in return 回报
in search of 寻找……
in silence 沉默地、不作声地
in space 在太空
in spite of doing/sth. 尽管
in that case 如果那样的话
in that 因为、在……方面说
in the (1870)'s/(1870)s 在(19)世纪(70)年代
in the beginning 在开始
in the case of sth./sb. 某人(事)的情况
in the dark 在暗处(光线弱,用于指地点)
in the direction of 向……方向
in the distance 在远方、在远处
in the early days 早期
in the fields of sth. 在……领域
in the following years 在接下来的几年里
in the front of 在……内的最前面
in the future 在未来;在将来
in the hope of doing 带着……的期望
in the hospital 在医院里
in the last hour 在最后几个小时里(用于现在完成时)
in the old days 过去的时候
in the past (ten) years 在最后(十)年里(用于现在完成时)
in the same way 用相同的方法
in the sand 在沙子里
in the shade 在树阴下
in the years that followed 在接下来的几年里
in the years to come 在未来几年里
in this way 用这种方法
in time 及时
in total 总计;一共
increase by 增加
insist (that) sb. (should) do 坚持要某人做某事(虚拟语气)
insist on doing/sth. 坚持……
insist that… 坚持说、坚持主张
intend for 为……准备
intend to do 打算去做
invite sb. to sp. 邀请……到……
It appears/appeared (to sb.) that… 对某人来说好像……
It is (high) time (that) sb. did/should do 是该做……的时候了(虚拟语气)
It is A not B… 是A不是B(谓语动词与A一致)
It is a pleasure to do… 很高兴做某事
It is believed that… 人们相信……
It is better to do…than to do… (后者)比(前者)好
It is certain that… ……是确定无疑的
It is hoped that… 人们希望……
It is important that… ……重要
It is known that… 人们知道……
It is likely that… ……有可能……(可能性一般)
It is necessary that… ……有必要
It is no use/good doing… 做……没有用
It is no wonder that… ……毫无疑问。/……是确定无疑的。
It is not any use/good doing… 做……没有用
It is one's turn to do sth. 轮到某人做……
It is polite/impolite to do… ……(不)礼貌。
It is possible that… ……有可能……(可能性最小)
It is probable that… ……有可能……(可能性最大)
It is reported that… 据报道……
It is said that… 人们说……
It is suggested that… 人们建议……
It is tempting to conclude that… 我们可以推出结论……
It is thought that… 人们认为……
It is up to sb.(to do) 由某人来决定
It is useless doing… 做……没有用
It is/was+被强调部分+连词+从句 (强调句型)
It is+adj.+of sb. =sb. is adj. 某人怎么样
It is+n.+for sb. to do sth. = To do sth. is n. for sb. 做某事对某人是……
It makes no difference. 没有什么区别。
It occurred to sb. that… 某人忽然意识到……
It seems that… 看起来……
It seems to sb.… 在某人看来……
It seems/looks/sounds as if/though… 看起来(听起来)好像……(有虚拟语气形式)
It so happened that… 偶然地、碰巧
It turned out that… 好像……(接主语从句)

J

join in 参加(大型活动)
join sb. in 参加……(接名词,表示活动)
judge by/from 以……来判断……
Judging by/from…, 从……判断,……
jump with joy 高兴地跳起来

K


keep (sb./sth.) away from 阻止、远离
keep a certain distance away 保持一定距离
keep a strict eye on sb./sth. 密切地关注……
keep as a young man 年轻时候
keep back ①阻止、阻挡、使……后退 ②扣留、保留
keep fit 保持身体健康
keep good hours 保持良好的生活节奏
keep in touch with 与……保持联系
keep off 使……离开
keep on doing sth. 持续做某事
keep one's promise/words 遵守某人的诺言
keep out 使……不进入
keep quiet 保持安静
keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事
keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
keep silent 保持沉默
keep sth. in check 阻止、防止、阻碍
keep the record 保持纪录
keep the rules 遵守规则
keep up 维持、保持(精神状态)
key points 要点
kiss each other goodbye/hello 与某人亲吻再见/问好
knock at/on the door/window 敲门、窗
knock down 绊倒
knock into sb. 撞见、突然碰见
knock over 撞翻
knock sb./sth. off… 把某人(物)从……撞掉
knock sth. into sth. 敲进……
knock sth. out of sth. 从……中敲出来
know about sb. 认识(听说过)某人

L

labour force 劳动力
land on its legs 用脚着地
land on 降落
Lantern Festival 元宵节(灯笼节)
laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人
laugh sb. off one's fears 使某人发笑来减轻恐惧
lay the person on his/her back 把一个人仰卧平放在某处
lead a simple life 朴素地生活
lead to 引起、导致、带来
leave for sp. 到某地
leave sb. alone 把……留下
leave sb. doing 使人处于某种状态
leave sth. to chance ……靠运气、……听天由命
leave sth. to sb./sth. 把……留给……
leave the hotel by (the nearest exit) 从(最近的出口)离开宾馆
let in 让……进来
let sb. down 让……失望
lie around 闲置、到处都是
lie in ①位于(内部) ②在于、源于
lie on ①与……接壤 ②(城市)位于(河、湖、海边)
lie on one's back 仰卧着
lie still 一直躺着
lie to 与……接壤或接近
light up 放光芒、放光彩
like doing 喜爱做(指经常发生)
like to do 愿意做(特指某一次)
line up to 满足……的要求
listen for 等着听(钟声、节目等)
live a simple life 朴素地生活
live in separate rooms 住在两个分离的房间里
live on sth. 以……为生
load with 承载、负担
long before 很久以前(常用于一般过去时、过去完成时)
look by 旁观
look down upon 贱视、鄙视、看不起
look for ahead 向前看
look for 寻找
look forward(s) to doing/sth. 期待
look in 寻找
look into 调查研究
look on sb./sth. as 把……当作
Look out. 小心。
look over ①检查②视察
look sb./sth. up and down 仔细打量……
look through 浏览
lose heart 失去信心
lose one's life/lives 丧命
lose one's sight 失明
lose one's temper 发脾气
lose one's way 迷路
lose touch with 与……失去联系
lose weight 减少体重

M

make (good) use of (正确地)使用
make a (phone) call 打电话
make a choice 作出选择
make a decision 下决心
make a fire 生火
make a fool of oneself 出丑、丢脸
make a fresh start 作出一个新的开始
make a fun of sb. 对某人开玩笑
make a good effort 作出很大的努力
make a hit 受……欢迎
make a part in 在……起作用
make a plan for 为……制订计划
make a promise 许下诺言
make a search for 寻找
make a trip (因公)旅行
make an effort to do 努力去做
make arrangements 做安排
make contributions to sth./doing 为……做出贡献
make ends meet oneself 维持生计
make for 朝……冲去
make no answer 不回答
make noise 发出噪音
make one's living (by doing) (以……)谋生
make one's way 开辟道路
make out 辨认出
make progress 取得进步
make room for sb. 给某人留个地方
make sb./sth. do/done/adj./n. 使……、让……(如名词做宾补,则仅指职位)
make sense of sth. 使……变得明确
make sth. into sth. 把……变成……
make sth. out of sth. 用……做……
make sth. to one's own measure 按某人身材做(衣服等)
make sth./sp. the base for sth. 把……作为……的基地
Make sure(certain) that… 确信……(祈使句)
make up ①编造 ②和好 ③凑足(钱)、使……完整 ④构成、组成 ⑤打扮
make up one's mind (to do) 下决心(去做)
make use of sth. 使用、利用……去做某事
manage to do 设法做成……
man-made project/satellite 人造工程/卫星
many a 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数)
many happy returns of the day 每天都快乐
marry A to B 把A嫁(娶)给B
may/might have done 可能做完了(某事)
mean doing 意味着……
mean that 意味着……(接从句)
mean to do 打算……
meet one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求
meet the demands/needs/requirements of sb. 满足某人的需求
meet the standard of 满足……的要求
meet with ①碰见、偶然遇见 ②符合、迎合、契合
mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起……
mention to sb. sth. 向某人提起……
middle ages 中世纪
mix A with B 用B与A混合
mix sb. up sth. 把某人卷入某事中
more than one 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数)
move around 绕着……来回转
much interesting 更有趣
much less expensive 更便宜
much too 太(接形容词)
must have done 一定做完了(某事)
must/might be doing 一定在……(对正在发生的情况推测)
must/might have been doing 一定是一直在…… (对发生在过去,现在仍在进行的情况进行推测)

N

name out 说出
name plate 标牌、胸卡
named after 以……命名
natural gift 天赋
need doing/to be done 需要(被)……
need have done 本来用做的(却没做)(虚拟语气)
need sb. to do 需要某人去做……
needn't have done 本来不用做的(却做了)(虚拟语气)
neither A nor B 既不是A也不是B(谓语动词就近一致)
next to 紧挨着、靠近
no better than 与……一样差
no later than 不迟于
no longer 不再(表动作或状态)
no matter how = however 不管、不论(引导让步状语从句)
no matter what = whatever 不管什么(引导让步状语从句)
no matter when = whenever 不管什么时候(引导让步状语从句)
no matter where = wherever 不管在哪里(引导让步状语从句)
no matter who = whoever 不管谁(引导让步状语从句)
no more than ①两者都不…… ②只有、仅
no more 不再(表次数)
no more…that… 两者都不……
No sooner…than… 一……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)
no wonder 怪不得、难怪
Nobody but A… 除了A以外没有人(谓语动词与nobody一致,用单数)
nod to 向……点头
not a bit 一点也不
Not A but B… 不是A而是B……(谓语动词与B一致)
not a little 很、非常
not all 不都
not any longer 不再(表动作或状态)
not any more 不再(表次数)
not both 不都
Not only A but (also) B… 不但A,而且B……(谓语动词与B一致)
Not only…, but also… 不仅 …… ,而且……(部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)
Not until…did… 直到……才…… (部分倒装句式,前句不倒装后句倒装)
not…at all 一点也不
not…in the least 一点也不
not…other than 没有……,除了……
nothing but/except 除了……没有别的
notice sb./sth. do 注意……做过……
notice sb./sth. doing 注意……正在……
notice sb./sth. done 注意……被……
now and then 有时;不时地
now that 既然(引导原因状语从句)

O

obey the rules 遵守规则
object to sth./doing 反对、不赞成
of one's own 属于某人自己的
of oneself 自动地、自己就……
of+no/great+interest/help/value/use/important/…+to sb. ……对某人(没)有……
offer (sb.) money for sth. 出价、买
offer (sb.) sth. for money 要价、卖
offer sb. sth. 提供……给某人
offer sth. to sb. 提供……给某人
offer to do 提出要做……
Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会
on (the) television 从电视上
on arrival 一到那里
on average 平均
on condition that 以……为条件
On doing……,…… 一……就……(后接从句)
on earth ①在地球上 ②究竟
on one's arrival 在某人抵达的路上
on one's feet 走路
on one's own 自己、靠自己
on one's way to sp. 在某人去……的路上
on purpose 故意的、特意的
on sale 正在出售
on the (west) coast of some country 在某国(西)海岸
on the contrary 相反
on the earth 在地球上
on the edge of 在……的边缘
on the left 在左边
on the other side 另一边
on the radio 从收音机里
on the right 在右边
on the sands 在沙滩上
on the two sides 两边
on the whole 整体上
on time 准时、按时
once a while 有时、偶尔
once again 再次、又一次
once in a while 偶尔、有时
once more 再次、又一次
once upon a time 很久以前
one after another 一个接一个
one and a half years 一年半
one another 互相、彼此
one day 某一天
one person in ten 十个人中有一个
one person out of ten 十个人中有一个
one such+n. 这样一个……(名词用单数)
one's attitude to/towards sth. 某人对……的态度
one-sided view 片面的看法
only to find 结果却发现
only/but/all too pleased/happy/thankful to do 做……太高兴/感谢了
operate on sb. 给某人做手术
operation on sp. 在某位置动手术
opposite direction 相反方向
or rather 或者说、更进一步说
order (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
ought not to have done 不应该做(却做了)
ought to have done 应该做(却没做)
out of breath 上气不接下气
out of one's reach 够不着
out of order 坏了、无秩序、乱放
out of the reach of sb. 某人够不到
over and over again 一次又一次、再三
over the radio 从收音机里
over the years 这几年里
owe one's success to sb. 把某人的成功归功于别人
owe one's thanks to sb. 感谢某人
owe sb. sth. 欠某人某物
owe sth. to sb. 把……归于……

P

pass away 病故、病逝
pass down 继承、传下去
pass on a message to sb. 给(收信人)留/传个信
pass on 传递
pass the exam 考试及格
pay (special/little/much) attention to sth./ doing 对……(特别/不/很)注意
pay a visit to sp. 游览、参观某地
pay back the money 还钱
pay money for sth. 付……的钱
pay off the money/debt 还清钱/债务
pay one's way 付……的路费
permit doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某事
persist in 坚持(行动等)、固执己见
personal affairs 私事
persuade sb. (not) to do 说服某人(不)去做
persuade sb. into doing 说服某人去做
persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人不去做
pick on 挑选;挑剔
pick out 挑选
pick up ①捡起 ②接收(广播等) ③接某人 ④学会 ⑤挑选 ⑥购买
plan a bicycle trip 计划一次自行车旅行
plan to do 计划做……
play a joke with sb. 对某人开玩笑
play a part in 在……起作用
play a trick on sb. 对某人开玩笑
play against sb. 与……比赛
play on words 语言游戏
play the part of sb. 演……的角色
plenty of 大量(接可数、不可数名词)
pocket money 零用钱、零花钱
point at 指……(人)(有不礼貌的含义)
point of view 观点
point out 指出
point to 指向……
pour in 倾倒
power failure 停电
practise sth./doing 练习……
prefer doing… to doing… 比起做(后者)宁愿做(前者)
prefer sb. to do… 想让某人去做……
prefer sth. to sth. (前者)比起(后者)更好
prefer to do… 比起……更愿意……
prefer to do…rather than do… 比起……更愿意……
prepare oneself for 为……作准备(接抽象事物)
pretend to be doing 假装正在做……
pretend to do 假装……
prevent sb./sth. from doing 阻止……做某事
promise (sb.) to do 承诺做某事
promise sb. sth. 把……借给某人
promise sth. to sb. 把……借给某人
propose (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
protect sb./sth. from being done/sth. 保护……免于
prove sb. to be 证实某人……
provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供……
provide sth. to sb. 为某人提供……
pull on 匆忙穿上
purified water 纯净水
push over 推倒
put a question 提出问题
put a stop to sth. 停止、结束……
put a tax on sth. 设……税
put aside 放一边、置之不理
put away ①收拾、整理 ②打消……(念头)
put down ①写下、记下 ②伤心
put forward 提出、传出
put off ①推迟 ②去除
put on airs 忘乎所以、飘飘然
put on performances 演出
put on weight 增加体重
put on 穿、戴
put one's heart into 用心于……、专心于……
put out the fire 扑灭火
put sb. in/into prison 把某人关进监狱
put sb. through to sb. 将电话接到……
put sb. to death 打死……
put sb. to the trouble of doing 麻烦某人做某事
put sth. into/in practice 投入(运用于)实践
put through 使……通过、完成
put up ①搭建、 建立 ②张贴 ③留某人住
put up with 忍受

Q

quantities of 大量(接可数、不可数名词,谓语动词用复数)
quite a few 许多
quite a lot of 许多

R


rain drop 雨滴
raise a cheer 发出欢呼
raise a question 提出问题
range from sth. to sth. 包括从……到……
reach an agreement 达成共识
read between the lines 体会字里行间的意思
read for sb. 给某人读
read one's thoughts 读懂某人(的心思)
read sb. sth. 给某人读……
read sth. to sb. 给某人读……
read through 浏览、看完
read well 读得好
receive (his doctor's) degree 获得(博士)学位
reduce sb./sth. to sth./doing 使……沦落为、降格为
refer to ①指的是 ②指到、说到、提及、谈到
refer to sth. as 把……看作
regard sb./sth. as 当作、认为
regret doing 悔恨做过……
regret to do 后悔去……
rely on sb. 依赖某人
remain in business 继续营业
remain in poor health 身体不好
remember doing 想起来做过
remember sb. to sb. 让某人记住某人
remember to do 想起来该做
remind sb. of sth./sb. 让某人想起……、提醒某人……
remind sb. that 提醒某人……
reply that… 回答说
reply to 答复
report sth. to sb. 向某人汇报……
report to sb. sth. 向某人汇报……
request (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
require (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
require doing/to be done 要求(被)……
require to do sth. 请求……
rest room 厕所
result from 由于
result in 导致
return sth. to sb. 把……归还……
return to normal 复原
return to sp. 回到……
right away 马上、立刻
right now 马上、立刻
ring back 回电话
ring off 挂断(电话)
rob sb. of sth. 抢某人的……
rot away 腐烂
round the clock 昼夜地
run about 到处跑
run around 到处跑
run at a speed of sth. 以……的速度前进
run at top speed 全速前进
run in 追捕
run off 跑开、跑掉
run out of sth. ……用光了
run out 用尽
run short 短缺
rush hour 交通拥挤时间

S

safe and sound 安然无恙
satisfy one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求
save sth. for 节约、节省
say hello to sb. 向某人问好
say to oneself 心里想
sb. be determined to do 下决心去……
sb. be encouraged to do sth. 某人被鼓励……
sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对……熟悉
sb. be forced to do 某人被强迫……
sb. be likely to do 很可能……
sb. be married to sb. 与……结婚
sb. be not oneself 某人状态不好
sb. be pleased to do…/at doing… 很高兴……
sb. be pleased with sth. 对……感到高兴、满意
sb. be said to do 某人将要……
sb. be supplied with sth. 某人被提供……
sb. be supposed to do 某人应该去做
sb. be supposed to have done 某人本来应该做(却没做)
sb. be sure/certain of(about) sth./doing 某人对做某事有把握
sb. be sure/certain to do 某人一定会做……
sb. be thought of/as ……被当作
sb. be used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应……
sb. be wanted on the phone 某人打来电话
sb. do so/such…as to do 某人做得……是为了……
sb. end sth. with sth. 某人以……结束……
sb. find sth. (hard) to do 某人发现(很难)做某事
sb. get used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应
sb. happen to do 某人恰好做某事
sb. have been married for (3 years) ……已经结婚(3 年)了
sb. have no doubt that… 某人对……不容怀疑
sb. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper 早/午/晚饭吃……
sb. knock oneself against sth. 某人撞到……上
sb. need sth. done 某人需要某事物被做
sb. seems to do/to have done 某人好像做(完)某事
sb. used to do 过去常常
sb. wonder if/whether… 某人想知道是否……
sb. would prefer to do… 宁愿去做
Scarcely…when… 还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)
scores of (people) 一群(人)
search for sb./sth. 寻找……
search sp. for sb./sth. 在……寻找……
seat oneself 坐在……
see about 考虑
see around 四处看、环顾
see New Year in 等待新年到来(单用)
see off ①送行 ②发出邀请
see out 把……送出去
see over 检查
see sb. seated there 看见某人坐在那儿
see sb. sitting there 看见某人坐在那儿
see sb./sth. do/doing/done 看见某人做……
see to 负责、照料
seek for 寻找
seek the sun 赶潮流
seem to be+n./adj. 好像……
seem to do… 好像……
self-trust 自信
sell well 卖得好
send away ①派遣 ②开除、解雇
send back 退还
send for ①派人去请 ②邮购(不可分) ③送某人
send in 请进、领进
send off ①送行 ②寄信 ③发出邀请
send one's love/wishes/regards 给某人
的……
send out ①派出 ②发出(气味、光线、声音等) ③寄出(邀请、通知等) ④发芽
send round/around 传递、传阅
send up 使……上升;发射
sentence sb. to death 判某人死刑(常用被动)
separate A from B 将A和B分开
set a good example to sb. 给某人树立了好榜样
set about doing 开始去做
set aside 放一边、置之不理
set fire to sth. 给……放火
set in 局限于
set off for sp. 到某地
set out for sp. 出发去某地
set out to do 开始去做
set phrases 固定短语
set sb. free 把……释放
set up a record 创立纪录
set up for sp. 到某地
set up 建立组织(团体、机构等)
settle down 定居、安居
settle oneself 使某人自己稳定下来
settle the problem 解决问题
shake hands with sb. 与……握手
share sth. with sb. 与某人共享
shift round the clock 倒班、轮换值班
shock the whole world 震惊全世界
shoot at 朝……射击,瞄准
should have done 应该做(却没做)(虚拟语气)
shouldn't have done 不应该做(却做了)(虚拟语气)
shout at sb. 向某人喊(有不礼貌的含义)
shout to sb. 向某人喊
show (sb.) around 带某人参观
show (sb.) in 带进、领进
show (sb.) out 带出、领出
show off 夸耀、显示
show one's respect to sb. 向某人表达敬意、尊敬某人
since then 从此以后(用现在完成时)
sing high praise for 高度评价
slip out 悄悄地溜出去
smooth away 摆脱、去除
so as to do 为了……
So far as I know/see,… 据我所知,……
so far 至今为止
so few mistakes 这么少的错误
So it is/was with sb.. ……是这样。(用于指某人具有两方面不同情况)
So it is/was ……是这样。
So long. (口语)再见。
so that 以便(接从句)
so…that… 太……以致……(接从句)
solve the problem 解决问题
some day 某一天
some one 某个人/物
some time 一段时间
some times 几次
someone else's (book) 别人的(书)
something as follows 需要以下东西
sooner or later 迟早
speak highly of sb. 高度评价某人、夸耀某人
speak in a high/low voice 大(小)声说话
speak into the telephone 通电话
speed up 加速
spend time in doing 在做……上花费时间(doing为现在分词)
spend time on sth./doing 在……上花费时间(doing为动名词)
spit out 吐出
stand for 代表、表示
stand still 一直站着
stare at 盯着
start a fire 生火
start doing 开始(继续)做(刚做过的事)
start for sp. 到某地
start to do 开始做(另一件事)
stay silent 保持沉默
stay still 一直呆着
stay up 挺立;熬夜
step by step 一步一步地
step into 走到……(内部)
step onto 走到……(表面)
sth. be being built ……正在建设
sth. be beyond question 毫无疑问
sth. be considered (to be) ……被……看作
sth. be familiar to sb. 某人对……熟悉
sth. be in question ……在考虑范围之内
sth. be on sale ……正被出售
sth. be out of question 毫无疑问
sth. be out of the question 不可能的、不合情理的
sth. be supplied to sb. 某物被提供给……
sth. be taken for ①被当作、被看作 ②误认为……
sth. be to the taste 适合……的口味、品味
sth. be used as ……被当作
sth. be used for ……被用作
sth. be used to do ……被用来做
sth. closed with sth. 以……结束……
sth. cost sb. some money ……花某人多少钱
sth. determine sb. to do ……使某人下决心做某事
sth. do/does/did not help ……不起作用
sth. had not done…when 某事还没做多久时……
sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到某事
sth. last sb. some time 维持多长时间
sth. stand on end 直立、挺立
stick in 陷进……、困入……
stick to 坚持(信念、观点、原则、决定、计划、诺言);粘上
stop doing 停止做某事
stop sb./sth. (from) doing 阻止……做某事
store up 贮藏、储藏
strictly speaking 严格地说
strike a match 划一根火柴
struggle against 与……作斗争、与……交战
struggle for sth. 为了……而斗争
struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来
struggle with 与……作斗争、与……交战
succeed in doing sth. 做……成功
such as 就像、比如
suffer from 遭受
suggest (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
suggest doing…/sth. 建议(做)……
suggest sth. to sb. 建议某人做某事
suggest that… 表明、暗示
suggest to sb. sth. 建议某人做某事
suit his act to the needs of the (students) 使他的行为适合(学生)的要求
supply sb. with sth. 将……供应给……
supply sth. to sb. 将……供应给……
suppose sb. to be 猜想某人会……
suppose sb. to do 猜想某人会做……
suppose that… 猜想……
swim to sp. 向……游
switch off 切断(电源开关等)
sotiku.com 搜题库

T

take (an active) part in (积极地)参加
take a boat from across the (lake) 从(湖)的对面搭一艘船
take a deep breath 深呼吸
take a message for sb. 为(发信人)留个信
take a message to sb. 给(收信人)留/传个信
take a rest 休息
take a seat 坐下
take a taxi 找出租车、打的
take a trip (因私)旅行
take after ①长得像 ②追赶(美国英语)
take along 携带
take another two pills 再吃两粒药
take around 带人参观
take aside 把人带到一边
take away 拿走
take back ①拿回 ②退缩
take care 小心
take control of 控制
take down ①写下、记下 ②拿下
take from 从……取得
take in ①欺骗 ②收留 ③吸入、拿进来
take it easy ①别紧张、放松 ②掉以轻心
take it for granted that… 认为……是理所当然的
take measures 采取措施
take no notice of 没有注意
take notes 做记录
take notice that 把……列入考虑、对……注意
take off ①起飞 ②脱下 ③离开
take office 就职
take on ①呈现、显现 ②雇佣 ③承担(工作)
take one's attention 吸引某人注意
take one's exam 某人考试
take one's leave 离开
take one's time 不着急、慢慢来
take out (of sp.) (从……)拿出
take over ①继承 ②接管
take photographs of sb./sth. 给……拍照片
take pity/mercy on sb./sth. 怜悯(可怜)……
take place 发生
take pride in 以……自豪
take sb. up to sp. 带某人去某地
take sb./sth. seriously 认真对待……
take sides in 参加、参与
take sides with 站在……一边
take sth. as 把……看作
take sth. for ①当作、看作 ②误认为……
take sth. for granted 认为……是理所当然的
take sth./sb. for ①把……当作(看作) ②误认为……是
take sth./sb./doing for example 把……做例

take the place of 取代、代替
take this street/road 走这条街(路)
take to ①喜爱 ②养成(某种恶习)
take turns at doing 轮流做……
take turns to do sth. 轮流做……
take two more pills 再吃两粒药
take up ①占据(时间、空间) ②拿起 ③跟着别人说 ④从事
talk of 谈到
talk to oneself 自己对自己说
talking of 谈起、谈到
tear oneself away from 爱不释手
tell lies/a lie 说谎
tell the difference between A and B 区分A和B的不同
tend to do 倾向
tens of thousands of 成千上万的(加可数名词复数)
than before 比以前
than usual 比平时
thanks for 多亏了
thanks to 幸亏、由于
That is (to say),… 也就是说,……
the answer/key to the question 问题的答案
the attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度
the ban on sth./doing ……的禁令
the cost of living 生活的花费
the damage to 对……的毁坏
the entrance to sp. ……的入口
the first time 第一次(引导时间状语从句)
the first+n.+to do 第一次做
the key to doing 解决……的关键
the key to the door 门钥匙
the last sentence but one 倒数第二句
the level of the sea 海平面
the lines of the play 戏剧的台词
the majority of+c.n.pl. 大多数的……(接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数)
the majority 大多数人(谓语动词单复数均可)
the minute 这一分钟(引导时间状语从句)
the moment 这一刻(引导时间状语从句)
the more…, the more… 越 …… ,越……(more指形容词比较级)
the number of the ……的数量(接可数名词复数;谓语动词用单数)
the other day (不久前)有一天
the other 另一个(有范围)
the others 其余全部(有范围)
the reason for sth. ……的原因
The reason why…is that… 之所以……是因为……
the rest of 剩下的
the road to sp. 到……的路
the same as 与……一样
the second 这一秒(引导时间状语从句)
the students' union 学生会
the talk 话题
the two of sb. 两个人都……
the very thing 就是那个东西
the way to sp. ……的路
There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问……/……是确定无疑的。
There is no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要……
There is no need to do… 没有必要……
There is no point in doing sth. 做……没有意义
There is no trouble in doing… 做……没有困难。
There seem(s) to be… 看起来……
There used to be… 过去曾经有……
There's no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要做某事
think about 考虑
think highly of 高度评价、夸耀
think of sb. as 把……当作
think of sth./sb./doing ①想到 ②考虑
think over 仔细想
think sb./sth. (to be) +n./adj. 认为某人
(物)……
think well of sb. 对……评价很高
through the street 穿街过巷
throughout the world 全世界
throw away 扔掉
throw up 呕吐
tie A to B 把A绑到B上
time and time again 一次又一次
time to do 是做……的时候了
to do what 怎么去做(作主语)
to one's joy/delight 令……高兴的是……
to one's surprise 令……惊奇的是……
to oneself 对自己
to tell the truth 说句实话
to the joy/delight of sb. 令人高兴
too many 太多(接可数名词复数)
too much ①太多(接不可数名词) ②太多的事(作主语)
track down 侦察、追察
trade in sth. 进行、从事……贸易
trade sth. for sth. 为了获得……而出卖……
trade sth. with sb. 与某人交易……
translate…into… 将(一种语言)翻译成(另一种语言)
treat sb./sth. as if/though 对待……好像……(有虚拟语气形式)
treat sth. as 把……看作
trust in 信仰(宗教等)
try doing 尝试去做
try one's best to do 尽某人最大的努力
做……
try one's fortune 试运气
try to do 努力去做
turn a blind eye to 对……视而不见、熟视无睹
turn a deaf ear to 对……听而不闻、置若罔闻
turn against 背叛
turn away 转身
turn down ①调小声 ②拒绝
turn for the worse 越来越坏了
turn into 变成
turn off 关闭
turn on 打开
turn out (to be)+adj./n. 结果是
turn out 出来
turn over 翻动、翻转
turn sth. into 把……变成
turn to sb. (for help) 向某人求助
turn to 把(注意力)转向……
turn up ①调大声 ②出现
turn yellow/green/… 变黄(绿、……)
two shoe stores 两家鞋店
two women doctors 两个女医生

U

under control 受控制
under management 受控制
under one's direction 在某人的指导下
under the pressure 在压力之下
until recently 直到最近
upside down 颠倒着(作状语)
use up 用尽
Used sb. to do sth.? 某人过去常常做……吗?
using ability 使用的能力

W

wait for sb. (to do) 等待某人(做……)
wake up 叫醒、唤醒
want doing/to be done 想要(被)……
want sb. to do 想让某人去做
warn sb. not/never to do 警告某人不要做……
warn sb. of sth. 向某人发出对……的警报
wash away (水)冲走
wash out 冲洗干净
wash well 洗得好
Watch out. 小心。
water closet 厕所
wave hello/goodbye to sb. 与某人握手问好/道别
wave sb. hello/goodbye 与某人握手问好/道别
way of life 生活方式
wear out ①穿坏了 ②消耗掉了、筋疲力尽
What a shame to do sth.! ……多么令人感到可耻!
What did sb. use to do? 某人过去常常做什么?
What do you mean by the sentence? 你这句话什么意思?
What the hell is that! 什么鬼地方! 什么玩意儿!
What time is it by your watch? 你的表几点钟了?
what to do 怎么去做(作宾语)
What's going on? 正在发生什么事?
what's more. 更多的是;另外
What's the population of sp.? ……人口是多少?
What's up? 发生了什么事?
when and where 何时何地(谓语动词用单数)
whether … or … 不管
Why don't you do…? 为什么不……?
Why not do…? 为什么不……?
win a majority 赢得大多数的(承认、同意、支持等)
wind one's way 蜿蜒前行、迂回前进
wind sth. around sth. 把……缠绕在……上
wind the clock/watch 上(钟表的)发条
wipe out 杀光
wish for sth. 希望得到……
wish sb. n./adj. 希望某人……
wish sb. to do 希望某人做……
wish that 希望(虚拟语气)
wish to do 希望做……
with great care 小心翼翼
with this method 用这种方法
within reach 够得着
wonder at/about 对……感到惊讶、疑虑
wonder to do 惊奇地……、对……感到惊奇
wonder+(疑问词)+to do 想知道……
Word came, that… ……消息传来了。
work at sp. 在……工作
work on sth. 进行……工作
worry about 担心
worse still 更糟糕的是
would like sb. to do 想让某人去做
would prefer to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事
would rather sb. did… 更愿意让某人做……
would rather to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事
write articles for sth. 给……写文章
write articles on (many subjects) 写有关(许多学科)的文章
write down 写下、记下
write sth. for a newspaper 给报纸写文章

Y

year after year 年复一年(不变)
year by year 逐年(有变化)
You'd better do sth. 你最好做……。
You've got to. 你非做不可。

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