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高考英语作文专项突破

来源:中华大课堂浏览数:8516 

一、如何写长难句How to develop complex sentences.

1. 写出key words,确认中心骨架

2. 逻辑排列,logical arrangements

3. 加工润色,colorize

例句:大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。

Most of (A majority of) students believe (hold the view) that part-time jobs can provide them with opportunities机会to/and develop (improve/better) communication ability能力(social abilities/interpersonal skills人际关系技巧),which is good for (is beneficial to有益于) their looking for jobs (job-hunting求职) in the future (after their graduation).

二、拓展长句的三大方法

The most important factor因素 we have to take into consideration is sth./that…

The most important thing I want to talk about is that…sth./ that…

It is also of great importance to pay close attention to…that

Besides what is mentioned above上诉的,it is necessary to think about…

In addition to除…之外 what is talked about above, I want to tell you sth. about…

1.写引导词:包括起承转合例(让句子变得高端)

起: in the first place首先, first and foremost首要的, to begin/start with

承: second (ly),in the second place, furthermore而且,此外, moreover而且,此外, what’s more, in addition另外, besides

转:but, however, on the contrary与此相反, in contrast/comparison相比之下, nonetheless虽然如此,但是; nevertheless尽管如此,然而;

合: last but not least最后同样重要的,so, therefore,

in conclusion最后,综上所述, to conclude最后, in a/one word, in general,  

例: for instance, for example, such as,

When it comes to.... 说起…

经典引导句型

There is no doubt that/in saying that…

There is no exaggeration夸张 in saying that…

It is known to us all that,

It is well-known that…

It is apparent/obvious显然的 that…it is not hard to understand that…

It is not too much to say that…

It is commonly/widely/generally agreed that… (acknowledged公认的 that…/ believed that)

2.写插入语(让句子变得客观)

that is to say

to a certain extent在某种程度上,to some degree在一定程度上,to a larger degree在很大程度上

for one reason or another因为某种原因, to put it in another way换言之

directly or indirectly 直接或间接

in other words 换句话说

as a matter of fact 事实上

例:English is, to a large degree, important.   be后

Computer, directly or indirectly, influences our life.   行前

Computer can, as a matter of fact, influence our life.   助行间

例句:It is known to us all that, English is, to a large degree, very important due to that English is becoming a global/world language. /is becoming more and more (increasingly) popular

There is no doubt in saying that computer, directly or indirectly, to a large degree, influences our life primarily owing to that (computer can make our work and study faster) computer can improve the efficiency of our work and study.

It is hard to understand that doing part-time job can, to a large extent, broaden our horizon in that we can understand more about the society by knowing a lot of people.

3.写从句(让句子变得漫长)

名词性定语从句:that, who

时间状语从句:before, when, after, during

地点状语从句:where)

原因状语从句:because, because of that..

primarily/mainly owing to that,

partly/partially due to that,  

in that 例: I like you in that you are very kind.

假设状语从句:if, on condition that… in case that…

三、精选核心单词

1. 好坏与权衡:

reap a lot of benefits from 从…中收获很多

advantage, disadvantage

every coin has its two sides, every thing has two sides

2.允许与禁止:

allow (all+low) : allow sb. to do sth.  

permit ( per+mit, ) : permit sb. to do, sb. is permitted to do sth., ask for the permission from…

forbid禁止: forbid sb. to do…, sth. is forbidden by…

3.学校与课程 :

in university, on campus, major in主修, minor in辅修,

English course, optional course选修课, required/compulsory course必修课

4.考虑与因素:

take sth. into consideration/account

sth. is the decisive决定性的/ an essential/ the most important factor

5. 提及与谈到:

Talking about (the importance of English, three factors should be considered.)

When it comes to (the importance of English, three factors should be considered.)

6. 分歧与主张,

There is no agreement on the issue问题 that…

some people hold the view that…, some others hold an opposite view that…

so far as I am concerned, ... in my opinion, from my perspective,

7. 反对与拥护:

advocate主张: We advocate the change of the policy.

support the idea that

argue/hold/maintain/deem/that…

8. 当今与形势

decade: in recent decades,

nowadays, currently, at the present day/time

with the development of science and technology/economy/culture/society

information technology, more and more people are paying attention to…

close/due attention should be paid to

9. 喜好与厌恶

prefer: prefer to do, prefer to do…rather than do, it is my preference, sth. is preferred.

people are reluctant to do…不情愿做某事

10. 现象与原因:

phenomenon现象 phenomena复数

lead to, cause,

So what are the reasons behind this phenomenon?

the reasons behind the phenomenon are as follows

11. 影响与趋势:

tend to趋向于

tendency : There is a growing tendency for people to work at home instead of in offices.

effects: exert effects on

bring negative/positive influence on带来负面/积极影响

do good/harm to

12. 感激与宽恕

be thankful/grateful to sb. for..

to express one’s gratitude to…

I am writing to you to tell you…/to express my thanks…

forgive excuse pardon me for what I did

13. 举例与说明

for instance, such as…

as far as I am concerned以我为例

14. 效率与改善

affect effect

effective efficient efficiency: To make it more efficient/effective.

to enhance/improve sth.

15. 联系与期待

Email: e-mail me at the address:

contact me by the number of…

should there be anything I can help you, never hesitate犹豫 to call me.

I am looking forward to hearing from you; an immediate reply will be fully appreciated.

16. 沉溺与控制:

sth. is prevalent普遍的

become addicted to沉溺于abandon/addict oneself to

sth. is under control

prevent sb. from doing sth.

cancel, fight against

17. 付出与回报:

No pains, no gains.

take pains to do sth.尽力做某事

reward n./vt.报酬,奖赏 rewarding值得的

Learning English is painstaking and challenging but rewarding.

reap a lot of benefits from…

be benefited to do sth.

18. 活动娱乐

recreation activities娱乐活动

Physical training体育

take part in/participate in

entertainment entertain

19. 种类与改变

vary vt./vi改变

very

various: various kinds of,

a variety of, a great number of

20. 心里与身体

physically身体上

spiritually精神上

psychologically心理上, psychology心理

mentally心理上, mental health

例:沉溺于网络对身心有害。

Becoming addicted to internet is physically harmful and mentally unhealthy.

21. 建议与要求

I suggest that you should…

My suggestion is that people should…

It is important that you should…

essential significant necessary

Due/close attention should be paid to that…

22. 个性与美德

be optimistic/pessimistic/open-minded

/easy-going/extrovert/introvert

hardworking, diligent(diligence), lazy(laziness), cautious, kind-hearted, warm-hearted, ready to help others, cold-blooded

23. 环境与污染

environment pollution, environment protection

ecological balance生态平衡 ecology生态

strike the balance between human society and nature

threaten vt./vi.威胁

pose a threat to human beings对人类构成威胁

punishment, punished, rewarded

例:English may be the most important factor in deciding which countries are leaders in the future.

The language of the most advanced management and technology is undoubtedly English.

Sth/to do sth/doing sth may be the most important factor to sth/in deciding sth.

The sth of sth is undoubtedly sth.

The way to do sth is undoubtedly to do sth.

Being able to do sth is the key to sth/ doing sth.

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