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高考英语必背知识点归纳

来源:中华大课堂浏览数:6856 

非谓语动词用主动表被动。

  (1)不定式to blame,to let用作表语时,通常要用主动形式表示被动意义

  (2)某些“be+形容词+to do”结构中的不定式通常要用主动形式表示被动意义

  ①这类结构的特点是句子主语就是其后不定式的逻辑宾语,按理说其中的不定式要用被动形式,但习惯上却要用主动表被动。

  ②有时形容词后跟有名词,在名词后用作定语的不定式用主动形式表示被动意义。

  ③有少数用于类似结构的形容词(如fit,ready,free等),其中的不定式用主动式和被动式均可。

  (3)不定式用于某些动词(如have,have got,get,want,need等)的宾语后作定语时,如果不定式的逻辑主语就是句子的主语,则要用主动形式表示被动意义

  (4)不定式用于某些双宾动词(如give,show,buy,lend,get等)的直接宾语后作定语时,如果不定式的逻辑主语就是直接宾语前的间接宾语,通常用主动形式表示被动意义

  (5)不定式用于修饰“there be+名词”中的名词时,可用主动式,也可用被动式,有时含义差不多

  (6)be worth后的动名词要用主动表被动

  (7)在need,want,require等少数表示“需要”的动词后的动名词用主动形式表被动意义

  ①以上结构中的动名词改用不定式则要用被动式表示被动意义

  ②它们后接名词时也可表示被动意义

  介词短语用主动表被动的情形。

  “beyond+名词”

  这类表达中的名词前通常没有冠词,且该名词一般都具有动作意义,类似的结构还有beyond compare(无可比拟),beyond description(难以形容),beyond(all)doubt(毫无疑问),beyond expression(无法形容),beyond suspicion(无可怀疑),等。

  高考英语考试短语整理

  1. take after长相或举止像(某个长辈)(不用进行时)

  Mary really takes after her mother;she has the same eyes,nose and hair.玛丽真像她妈妈,眼睛、鼻子和头发都一个样。

  2. take apart把(小型机器、钟表等)拆开;拆散;(在体育运动或比赛中)把……彻底打败;对……苛求;严厉批评Take the watch apart and see if you can see what‘s wrong with it.把手表拆开来看看你能不能检查出什么毛病。

  England was really taken apart by Italy in last night‘s match.在昨晚的比赛中,英格兰队可谓给意大利队打得溃不成军了。

  3. take as看作,认为(=regard / consider / look on / treat …… as)

  I took your nod as a sign of approval.我把你的点头看作是同意的表示了。

  4. take away拿走;使停学,使离开;使消失;减去The child was taken away(辍学)from school. Now I‘ll give you some tablets to take away(使消失)the pain.

  Take away(减去)2 from 4 and you get 2.

  take away from贬低(有益或令人满意之事物)的作用His refusal to accept the prize does not take away from his success in winning it.他拒绝领奖无损于他赢得此奖的斐然成绩。

  5. take back承认说错了(话),收回(诺言、话语);使回忆起;送回,还回去;退(货)

  I‘m sorry I was rude;I take back everything I said.对不起我失礼了,我承认我所说的全都错了。

  Seeing that old film really took me back!观看那部旧电影的确使我回想起了过去的岁月。

  6. take down拿下,取下;记下来;褪下(裤子等穿于腰以下的衣物);把(大型机器或大物件)拆成零部件;把……拆卸开(tear down推倒;拆毁pull down拆毁)

  When the picture was taken down,the wall looked very bare.把那幅画取下来后墙壁就显得毫无装饰了。

  We‘ll have to take the engine down to get to the gearbox.我们得先拆卸发动机,才能接触到变速箱。

  7. take in接待(某人)留宿;欺瞒,欺骗;充分理解,掌握;把(衣服)改窄(let out加宽,放长,加大);包含,包括He had nowhere to sleep so we offered to take him in.他没有地方可睡,我们于是就提出让他留宿。

  Don‘t be taken in by his promises.不要被他的许诺所蒙骗!

  It took me a long time to take in what you were saying.我费了好长时间才弄明白你所说的话。

  My dress is a bit loose round the waist—could you take it in for me?我衣服的腰围有点宽松,你能给我改窄一些吗?

  This is the total cost of the holiday,taking everything in.这是度假的全部费用,一切都包括在内。

  8. take off脱下,脱去(尤指衣服);解(拿)掉(put on穿上);(飞机等)升空,起飞;休假;歇(……天)假;请假;开始有成就;开始受欢迎;开始成名;打折扣;(尤指为了逗笑而)模仿(某人)的谈吐、举止等I‘m taking Thursday off because I’m moving into a new house.我星期四休假,因为我要搬家。

  It was at this point that her acting career really took off.正是从这个时候起,她的表演生涯真正开始走红了。

  His shopkeeper took off 5 percent discount for each.他的店员把每样东西都打折了5%. The actor made everyone laugh by taking off the members of the royal family.这个演员模仿某些王室成员,结果逗引得人人发笑。

  9. take on开始雇用;开始具有/呈现(某种品质、面貌等);露出;接受(工作等);承担(责任等);开始和……争吵(斗殴、作对、较量等)

  We‘ve decided to take on a new clerk in the accounts department.我们已决定在会计部雇用一名新职员。

  His face took on a worried expression.他的脸上露出了担忧的表情。

  My doctor says I‘m too tired and has advised me not to take any more work on.医生说我疲劳过度,劝我不要再干更多的工作。

  The trade union made the mistake of trying to take on the government.工会犯了试图和政府抗争的错误。

  The bus took on more passengers.公共汽车搭载更多乘客了。

  10. take out带(某人)去(某处参加社交活动等);正式取得,领得,获得;洗去(污迹),使褪色I‘m taking the children out to the theatre tonight.今晚我带孩子们去看戏。

  Mary and John took out a marriage license.玛丽和约翰正式领了结婚证。

  He took out the pencil marks from his drawing.他擦去了他的画上的铅笔迹。

  11. take over接手,接任;接管

  Who do you think will take over now that the governor has been dismissed?州长已被免职,你看会由谁来接任呢?

  12. take to (尤指立刻)对……产生好感,喜欢上;染上……习惯(嗜好等);到(某处)休息;到……躲藏;逃往I took to Paul as soon as we met.我一见到保罗就对他有好感。

  All this gloomy news is enough to make you take to drink.所有这些令人沮丧的消息都足以使人酗起酒来。

  Father‘s ill,so he’s taken to his bed.爸爸病了,因此卧床休息了。

  13. take up开始花时间从事(某项活动);对……产生兴趣;开始学习(某课程),选修;(事物或事件)占用了(时间或空间);接受……的建议;继续John took up acting while he was at college.约翰在上大学时开始喜欢上演戏了。

  The job took up most of Sunday.这项工作占用了大半个星期天。

  Why don‘t you take him up on his offer of a meal?你为什么不接受他的邀请去吃饭呢?

  I‘ll take up the story where I finished yesterday.这个故事我会从昨天讲完的地方继续讲下去。

  14. take …… for / to be …… (错)当作,以为是(mistake …… for ……)

  I took him for his brother. They are extremely alike.我把他误作是他弟弟,他们很像。

  15. take a chance碰碰运气,冒……风险

  16. take a deep / long breath深吸一口气(以鼓起勇气或仔细考虑)

  17. take a hand in干预

  18. take a load / weight off sb.‘s mind使放心/安心

  19. take a risk / risks冒风险

  20. take a seat坐下

  21. take a vote投票表决

  22. take an interest in对……有兴趣

  23. take steps / measures to do sth.采取措施做某事

  24. take action (on)(对……)采取行动

  25. take advantage of利用;占……的便宜;不正当地利用

  26. take aim (at)瞄准

  27. take …… by surprise奇袭;出其不意地做某事;使……惊奇

  28. take care当心(= look out / be careful )

  29. take care of照顾,料理;处理,对付;当心

  30. take charge of负责;接管

  31. take cold感冒,伤风

  32. take control of控制住,管住

  33. take delight / pleasure in以……为乐;喜欢

  34. take effect开始起作用;开始生效

  35. take …… for granted想当然地认为(会是某种情况);认为……是理所当然的;认为没有问题

  36. take …… for instance / example以……为例

  37. take hold of抓住;吸引住

  38. take …… into account / consideration考虑到,把……考虑进去

  39. take it / things easy慢慢来,不要过于紧张/劳累,沉住气

  40. take it or leave it要不要都行;要么要,要么不要;不要还价

  41. take note (of)把……记下来

  42. take notice (of)注意;理会

  43. take notes作记录;记笔记

  44. take / come into office就职,上任

  45. take one‘s breath away令人惊异,令人叹为观止

  46. take one’s chance(s)碰碰自己的运气

  47. take one‘s time慢慢来,从容不迫

  48. take pains费尽力气,煞费苦心,尽力设法I took pains to explain the facts clearly.

  49. take (the)trouble费事,下工夫You must have taken a lot of trouble to find out what was true.

  50. take part (in)参加,参与

  51. take pity on / upon可怜,怜悯(show mercy to / have mercy on)

  52. take place发生,举行

  53. take pride in (be proud of)为……感到自豪/骄傲

  54. take one‘s place代替某人

  55. take the opportunity利用这个机会I shall take the first opportunity of seeing you. He may take the opportunity to point out that ……

  56. take turns轮流(做某事)

  They took turns to look after the baby. The two boys took turns at digging the hole.

  57. take sides支持;偏袒You always take sides with brother without even listening to me.你总是偏袒弟弟,根本不听我的。

  58. I take it (that)我想;我认为I take it you‘ve heard that the mayor’s resigned.我想你已听说市长已经辞职了

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